A Walk With Preposition – Part II with “Pawan Kirola”
From the last-walk with preposition : Read Here
Lets move a further and look into some more concepts. A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence. It is placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relationship to other words in the sentence. It is called preposition meaning propositioned before a noun or pronoun. Some of the most common example of preposition are as follows above, about, across, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, since, to, toward, through, under, until, up, upon, with and within.
- The wines are stored beneath the house.
- Inside her house, the coroner found the dead body of John Doe.
- Martin immediately stood up and run across the room when he heard the bell.
Up is not a preposition since it doesn’t have and an object. Across is a preposition and across the street is the prepositional phrase.
Some prepositions are used several ways and below are the tips on how to use them.
Prepositions of time
at, in, on, for, since
- We use at to designate specific times.
The plane is due to arrive at 4:30PM.
- We use on to designate days and dates.
We will be vacationing on the 5th of May.
The papers are due on Monday.
- We use in for nonspecific times during a day, a month, a season, or a year.
I prefer taking my nap in the afternoon when everyone is out.
Its too cold to jog outside in winter without warmers.
- We use for when we measure time (seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years).
The diver was able to hold his breathe for a few minutes.
The feud between the warlords has been standing for 100 years and counting.
- We use since with a specific date or time.
I have been lobbying for the bill since the last year
She’s been in that same chair since 7:30 this morning
Prepositions of Place
at, in and on.
- We use at for specific addresses
We live at 11 Viking St., Lima, Ohio
- We use on to designate names of streets, avenues, etc.
I live on Viking St.
- And we use in for the names of land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents).
I live in Lima
I live in Lima, Ohio
I live in Ohio
Prepositions of Movement
- We use to in order to express movement toward a place.
We are moving to Mumbai next month.
I am going to Paris this Christmas.
When preposition are combined with noun or pronoun it becomes a prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrase will either become and adjective or adverb depending on the sentence construction.
As an adjective, the phrase modifies a noun or pronoun and comes immediately after the word it modifies: It also tells which or what kind (manner).
The burglar parked the blue van down the street. (modifies blue van)
Anna picked up the pen on top of the table and wrote her name. (modifies pen)
The girl in the neighboring house plays the flute every night.(modifies girl)
A Quick Glance:
As an adverb, the phrase usually modifies a verb and sometimes adjectives. The phrase may be next to the verb or at the beginning or end of the sentence. It also tells how, when, where, how much, and why.
The chest of gold was hidden underneath an old tree. (modifies was hidden)
Andrew jumped over the fence once seeing the black dog. (modifies jump)
She patiently waited in the train station for her parents. (modifies wait)